Pablo Picasso

Biography



1881
Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomucéno Maria de los Remedios Crispín Crispriano Santísima Trinidad was born in Málaga on October 25th as the first of three children of Don José Ruiz Blasco and Doña María Picasso y Lopez. His father worked as a painter, art teacher at the local school of arts and crafts and conservator at the city’s museum.

1895
Joined the art academy in Barcelona, where the family had moved due to the father’s appointment as professor for figure drawing at the art academy

1897
Passed the entrance examination of the Royal Academy San Fernando in Madrid which he left in winter again

1899
Worked as a painter and illustrator for magazines

1900
Participated in the Paris Universal Exposition presenting his painting “Dernier moments”. Publication of drawings though papers and journals in Barcelona. First trip to Paris

1901
Started to sign his works with “Picasso”, his mother’s name. First exhibition in Paris in June

1901-1904
Development of his first independent, melancholic style – the so called “Blue period” – as a reaction to his friend’s Carlos Casagemas’s suicide

1904
Relocation to Paris where he met Fernande Olivier who first became his model and later his lover

1905-1907
“Rose Period”. First etchings and copper engravings. Acquaintance with George Braque and start of a fruitful cooperation as a result of which a close friendship developed

1908-1917
Fundamental change of style which was especially influenced by African sculptures from the museum of ethnology. Co-founder of the modern art movement of Cubism in companion with Georges Braque

1911-1914
First “papiers collés” by Braque. Assumption of the technique by Picasso. Start of introducing paper and newspaper cut-outs, labels, advertising brochure texts and other materials into his art

1915
Besides his cubistic works, Picasso created realistic pencil portraits

1916
Picasso designed the costumes and sets for the ballet “Parade” in Paris 

1917
Made acquaintance with the solo dancer Olga Koklowa at the ballet’s premiere on Mai 18th

1918
Marriage with Olga on July 12th

1920
At the Côte d’Azur, he created colourful gouaches and landscapes in “neoclassic” style

1921
Birth of his son Paolo

1925
Participation in the first Surrealist group exhibition in November

1927
Acquaintance with Marie-Térèse Walter who became his lover and model

1928-30
Work on sculptures and wire constructions in company with the Spanish sculptor Julio Gonzalez

1934
Extensive travel through Spain

1935
Due to Marie-Térèse’s pregnancy, the relationship between Picasso and Olga broke up

1936
Picasso was appointed director of the Prado by the republicans in gratitude for his support as well as of his refusal of Franco after the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War on July 18th

1937
 By order of the republican government of Spain, Picasso painted the mural “Guernica” for the Spanish pavilion at the Paris International Exposition

1939
Retrospective “Picasso: Forty Years of his Art” with 344 presented art works at the Museum of Modern Art in New York

1941
The surrealist theatre play “Le Désir attrapé par la Queue” was created

1944
Joined the Communist Party in France as a result of which his artistic oeuvre and political orientation was strongly criticised

1948
Was awarded the Medal for Merit by the French government
 
1949
His lithography “dove” (La Paloma) became apparent worldwide, after it was chosen as emblem for the First International Peace Conference’s in Paris

1950
Honorary citizen of Vallauris

1955
Death of his first spouse Olga in Cannes

1961
Marriage with Jacqueline Roque in Vallauris

1963
On March 6th, the Museu Picasso, which would receive the majority of the artist’s Estate later on, was opened in Barcelona

1971
Honorary citizen of the city of Paris

1973
Picasso died at the age of 91 on April 8th, 1973 in his villa in Mougins